serval housing

The African Serval is a good sized, active cat. They need to have plenty of space to run around and play. Your Serval will need a large enclosure outside. It is recommended that the outside enclosure be attached to your house with a pet door for the serval to enter and leave as he wishes. This is important because it keeps your serval social and able to interact with his human family. The pet door will allow him to go outside for exercise or just lay in the sun. Servals need direct sun in order to break down calcium in their body. If your serval does not get enough sun then he/she may develop a bone density disease. (MBD)

Serval's enjoy the rain too. They will lay in the rain as long as the weather is warm. The outdoor enclosure should be at least 10 feet tall and 20 by 20 ft. It should have a roof in order to prevent your Serval from jumping out. Build a jungle gym inside with lots of perches, balls and safe large hard plastic toys. Supply a fully enclosed area for them to get in out of the elements. Make sure your inside area is heated and cooled. You can place your litter boxes in this area.

The floors should be non-poreous because you don't want any scents to be absorbed into the surface. The room should be mopped and wiped down regularly. Before you clean you will need to send all the cats out. Block the entrance to keep them out. Scub and mop the floors daily with VPB mixture (10 percent white vinager, 10 percent baking soda, 10 percent peroxide, 70 percent water).This solution is excellent for removing urine scents and does not have a stong oder. Once a week scrub and mop the floors with a 10 percent solution of bleach. After it dried mop over it with the VPB mixture. You want to do this, because if your serval smells strong scents like the bleach, he or she will spray to cover the scent with their on.

The room needs to be well ventilated, because the ammonia that comes from the litter box could damage their lungs. When your serval is small you can use a standard litter box. When they get bigger you will need a larger box. I use the biggest sized tupperware storage containers. Be sure to keep the box clean. You will need two litter boxes, one for urination and one for defecation. A serval may refuse to urinate in a box that has been defecated in. You must keep these litter boxes scooped every day. Clean the litter boxes once a week outside with a bleach solution. Keep your litter boxes in the outside enclosed area. This will train your serval to only go to the bathroom in the outside area and not in your house. This will help detour any future spraying habits.

When you receive your kitten from a breeder, you must show your kitten where the litter box is in order for him/her to release himself. They do not naturally cover up like domestic cats do. Place the kitten in a small room with a litter box in all corner. You can try puppy pads if the kitten does not like the litte. Don't ever yell at your kitten if they make a mistake, this will start you two off in a bad way and will create problems. In the wild they use one or two spots in their territory and tend to stick with those spots. If you see the kitten continues going to a different spot, go ahead and move the litter box to that spot . You may need to show your kitten the litter box several time, but once they recognize this as their spot, they will faithfully use it. When you discover any accidents, you must clean the spot thoroughly. NO AMMONIA cleaning products, this will only encourage your Serval to use this place again. Only use enzyme-based odor removers. The VPB mixture works great!